futurum bank AG - Bitcoin.de

There are lots of nice communities on IRC with rooms for discussing various topics and people giving free support for problems

You can access the Freenode IRC channel through your web browser here: http://webchat.freenode.net/
Channels begin with # and you can specify multiple ones using a , between them. i.e #bitcoin, #electrum, #coinbase
submitted by genjix to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Proposal: The Sia Foundation

Vision Statement

A common sentiment is brewing online; a shared desire for the internet that might have been. After decades of corporate encroachment, you don't need to be a power user to realize that something has gone very wrong.
In the early days of the internet, the future was bright. In that future, when you sent an instant message, it traveled directly to the recipient. When you needed to pay a friend, you announced a transfer of value to their public key. When an app was missing a feature you wanted, you opened up the source code and implemented it. When you took a picture on your phone, it was immediately encrypted and backed up to storage that you controlled. In that future, people would laugh at the idea of having to authenticate themselves to some corporation before doing these things.
What did we get instead? Rather than a network of human-sized communities, we have a handful of enormous commons, each controlled by a faceless corporate entity. Hey user, want to send a message? You can, but we'll store a copy of it indefinitely, unencrypted, for our preference-learning algorithms to pore over; how else could we slap targeted ads on every piece of content you see? Want to pay a friend? You can—in our Monopoly money. Want a new feature? Submit a request to our Support Center and we'll totally maybe think about it. Want to backup a photo? You can—inside our walled garden, which only we (and the NSA, of course) can access. Just be careful what you share, because merely locking you out of your account and deleting all your data is far from the worst thing we could do.
You rationalize this: "MEGACORP would never do such a thing; it would be bad for business." But we all know, at some level, that this state of affairs, this inversion of power, is not merely "unfortunate" or "suboptimal" – No. It is degrading. Even if MEGACORP were purely benevolent, it is degrading that we must ask its permission to talk to our friends; that we must rely on it to safeguard our treasured memories; that our digital lives are completely beholden to those who seek only to extract value from us.
At the root of this issue is the centralization of data. MEGACORP can surveil you—because your emails and video chats flow through their servers. And MEGACORP can control you—because they hold your data hostage. But centralization is a solution to a technical problem: How can we make the user's data accessible from anywhere in the world, on any device? For a long time, no alternative solution to this problem was forthcoming.
Today, thanks to a confluence of established techniques and recent innovations, we have solved the accessibility problem without resorting to centralization. Hashing, encryption, and erasure encoding got us most of the way, but one barrier remained: incentives. How do you incentivize an anonymous stranger to store your data? Earlier protocols like BitTorrent worked around this limitation by relying on altruism, tit-for-tat requirements, or "points" – in other words, nothing you could pay your electric bill with. Finally, in 2009, a solution appeared: Bitcoin. Not long after, Sia was born.
Cryptography has unleashed the latent power of the internet by enabling interactions between mutually-distrustful parties. Sia harnesses this power to turn the cloud storage market into a proper marketplace, where buyers and sellers can transact directly, with no intermediaries, anywhere in the world. No more silos or walled gardens: your data is encrypted, so it can't be spied on, and it's stored on many servers, so no single entity can hold it hostage. Thanks to projects like Sia, the internet is being re-decentralized.
Sia began its life as a startup, which means it has always been subjected to two competing forces: the ideals of its founders, and the profit motive inherent to all businesses. Its founders have taken great pains to never compromise on the former, but this often threatened the company's financial viability. With the establishment of the Sia Foundation, this tension is resolved. The Foundation, freed of the obligation to generate profit, is a pure embodiment of the ideals from which Sia originally sprung.
The goals and responsibilities of the Foundation are numerous: to maintain core Sia protocols and consensus code; to support developers building on top of Sia and its protocols; to promote Sia and facilitate partnerships in other spheres and communities; to ensure that users can easily acquire and safely store siacoins; to develop network scalability solutions; to implement hardforks and lead the community through them; and much more. In a broader sense, its mission is to commoditize data storage, making it cheap, ubiquitous, and accessible to all, without compromising privacy or performance.
Sia is a perfect example of how we can achieve better living through cryptography. We now begin a new chapter in Sia's history. May our stewardship lead it into a bright future.


Today, we are proposing the creation of the Sia Foundation: a new non-profit entity that builds and supports distributed cloud storage infrastructure, with a specific focus on the Sia storage platform. What follows is an informal overview of the Sia Foundation, covering two major topics: how the Foundation will be funded, and what its funds will be used for.

Organizational Structure

The Sia Foundation will be structured as a non-profit entity incorporated in the United States, likely a 501(c)(3) organization or similar. The actions of the Foundation will be constrained by its charter, which formalizes the specific obligations and overall mission outlined in this document. The charter will be updated on an annual basis to reflect the current goals of the Sia community.
The organization will be operated by a board of directors, initially comprising Luke Champine as President and Eddie Wang as Chairman. Luke Champine will be leaving his position at Nebulous to work at the Foundation full-time, and will seek to divest his shares of Nebulous stock along with other potential conflicts of interest. Neither Luke nor Eddie personally own any siafunds or significant quantities of siacoin.


The primary source of funding for the Foundation will come from a new block subsidy. Following a hardfork, 30 KS per block will be allocated to the "Foundation Fund," continuing in perpetuity. The existing 30 KS per block miner reward is not affected. Additionally, one year's worth of block subsidies (approximately 1.57 GS) will be allocated to the Fund immediately upon activation of the hardfork.
As detailed below, the Foundation will provably burn any coins that it cannot meaningfully spend. As such, the 30 KS subsidy should be viewed as a maximum. This allows the Foundation to grow alongside Sia without requiring additional hardforks.
The Foundation will not be funded to any degree by the possession or sale of siafunds. Siafunds were originally introduced as a means of incentivizing growth, and we still believe in their effectiveness: a siafund holder wants to increase the amount of storage on Sia as much as possible. While the Foundation obviously wants Sia to succeed, its driving force should be its charter. Deriving significant revenue from siafunds would jeopardize the Foundation's impartiality and focus. Ultimately, we want the Foundation to act in the best interests of Sia, not in growing its own budget.


The Foundation inherits a great number of responsibilities from Nebulous. Each quarter, the Foundation will publish the progress it has made over the past quarter, and list the responsibilities it intends to prioritize over the coming quarter. This will be accompanied by a financial report, detailing each area of expenditure over the past quarter, and forecasting expenditures for the coming quarter. Below, we summarize some of the myriad responsibilities towards which the Foundation is expected to allocate its resources.

Maintain and enhance core Sia software

Arguably, this is the most important responsibility of the Foundation. At the heart of Sia is its consensus algorithm: regardless of other differences, all Sia software must agree upon the content and rules of the blockchain. It is therefore crucial that the algorithm be stewarded by an entity that is accountable to the community, transparent in its decision-making, and has no profit motive or other conflicts of interest.
Accordingly, Sia’s consensus functionality will no longer be directly maintained by Nebulous. Instead, the Foundation will release and maintain an implementation of a "minimal Sia full node," comprising the Sia consensus algorithm and P2P networking code. The source code will be available in a public repository, and signed binaries will be published for each release.
Other parties may use this code to provide alternative full node software. For example, Nebulous may extend the minimal full node with wallet, renter, and host functionality. The source code of any such implementation may be submitted to the Foundation for review. If the code passes review, the Foundation will provide "endorsement signatures" for the commit hash used and for binaries compiled internally by the Foundation. Specifically, these signatures assert that the Foundation believes the software contains no consensus-breaking changes or other modifications to imported Foundation code. Endorsement signatures and Foundation-compiled binaries may be displayed and distributed by the receiving party, along with an appropriate disclaimer.
A minimal full node is not terribly useful on its own; the wallet, renter, host, and other extensions are what make Sia a proper developer platform. Currently, the only implementations of these extensions are maintained by Nebulous. The Foundation will contract Nebulous to ensure that these extensions continue to receive updates and enhancements. Later on, the Foundation intends to develop its own implementations of these extensions and others. As with the minimal node software, these extensions will be open source and available in public repositories for use by any Sia node software.
With the consensus code now managed by the Foundation, the task of implementing and orchestrating hardforks becomes its responsibility as well. When the Foundation determines that a hardfork is necessary (whether through internal discussion or via community petition), a formal proposal will be drafted and submitted for public review, during which arguments for and against the proposal may be submitted to a public repository. During this time, the hardfork code will be implemented, either by Foundation employees or by external contributors working closely with the Foundation. Once the implementation is finished, final arguments will be heard. The Foundation board will then vote whether to accept or reject the proposal, and announce their decision along with appropriate justification. Assuming the proposal was accepted, the Foundation will announce the block height at which the hardfork will activate, and will subsequently release source code and signed binaries that incorporate the hardfork code.
Regardless of the Foundation's decision, it is the community that ultimately determines whether a fork is accepted or rejected – nothing can change that. Foundation node software will never automatically update, so all forks must be explicitly adopted by users. Furthermore, the Foundation will provide replay and wipeout protection for its hard forks, protecting other chains from unintended or malicious reorgs. Similarly, the Foundation will ensure that any file contracts formed prior to a fork activation will continue to be honored on both chains until they expire.
Finally, the Foundation also intends to pursue scalability solutions for the Sia blockchain. In particular, work has already begun on an implementation of Utreexo, which will greatly reduce the space requirements of fully-validating nodes (allowing a full node to be run on a smartphone) while increasing throughput and decreasing initial sync time. A hardfork implementing Utreexo will be submitted to the community as per the process detailed above.
As this is the most important responsibility of the Foundation, it will receive a significant portion of the Foundation’s budget, primarily in the form of developer salaries and contracting agreements.

Support community services

We intend to allocate 25% of the Foundation Fund towards the community. This allocation will be held and disbursed in the form of siacoins, and will pay for grants, bounties, hackathons, and other community-driven endeavours.
Any community-run service, such as a Skynet portal, explorer or web wallet, may apply to have its costs covered by the Foundation. Upon approval, the Foundation will reimburse expenses incurred by the service, subject to the exact terms agreed to. The intent of these grants is not to provide a source of income, but rather to make such services "break even" for their operators, so that members of the community can enrich the Sia ecosystem without worrying about the impact on their own finances.

Ensure easy acquisition and storage of siacoins

Most users will acquire their siacoins via an exchange. The Foundation will provide support to Sia-compatible exchanges, and pursue relevant integrations at its discretion, such as Coinbase's new Rosetta standard. The Foundation may also release DEX software that enables trading cryptocurrencies without the need for a third party. (The Foundation itself will never operate as a money transmitter.)
Increasingly, users are storing their cryptocurrency on hardware wallets. The Foundation will maintain the existing Ledger Nano S integration, and pursue further integrations at its discretion.
Of course, all hardware wallets must be paired with software running on a computer or smartphone, so the Foundation will also develop and/or maintain client-side wallet software, including both full-node wallets and "lite" wallets. Community-operated wallet services, i.e. web wallets, may be funded via grants.
Like core software maintenance, this responsibility will be funded in the form of developer salaries and contracting agreements.

Protect the ecosystem

When it comes to cryptocurrency security, patching software vulnerabilities is table stakes; there are significant legal and social threats that we must be mindful of as well. As such, the Foundation will earmark a portion of its fund to defend the community from legal action. The Foundation will also safeguard the network from 51% attacks and other threats to network security by implementing softforks and/or hardforks where necessary.
The Foundation also intends to assist in the development of a new FOSS software license, and to solicit legal memos on various Sia-related matters, such as hosting in the United States and the EU.
In a broader sense, the establishment of the Foundation makes the ecosystem more robust by transferring core development to a more neutral entity. Thanks to its funding structure, the Foundation will be immune to various forms of pressure that for-profit companies are susceptible to.

Drive adoption of Sia

Although the overriding goal of the Foundation is to make Sia the best platform it can be, all that work will be in vain if no one uses the platform. There are a number of ways the Foundation can promote Sia and get it into the hands of potential users and developers.
In-person conferences are understandably far less popular now, but the Foundation can sponsor and/or participate in virtual conferences. (In-person conferences may be held in the future, permitting circumstances.) Similarly, the Foundation will provide prizes for hackathons, which may be organized by community members, Nebulous, or the Foundation itself. Lastly, partnerships with other companies in the cryptocurrency space—or the cloud storage space—are a great way to increase awareness of Sia. To handle these responsibilities, one of the early priorities of the Foundation will be to hire a marketing director.

Fund Management

The Foundation Fund will be controlled by a multisig address. Each member of the Foundation's board will control one of the signing keys, with the signature threshold to be determined once the final composition of the board is known. (This threshold may also be increased or decreased if the number of board members changes.) Additionally, one timelocked signing key will be controlled by David Vorick. This key will act as a “dead man’s switch,” to be used in the event of an emergency that prevents Foundation board members from reaching the signature threshold. The timelock ensures that this key cannot be used unless the Foundation fails to sign a transaction for several months.
On the 1st of each month, the Foundation will use its keys to transfer all siacoins in the Fund to two new addresses. The first address will be controlled by a high-security hot wallet, and will receive approximately one month's worth of Foundation expenditures. The second address, receiving the remaining siacoins, will be a modified version of the source address: specifically, it will increase the timelock on David Vorick's signing key by one month. Any other changes to the set of signing keys, such as the arrival or departure of board members, will be incorporated into this address as well.
The Foundation Fund is allocated in SC, but many of the Foundation's expenditures must be paid in USD or other fiat currency. Accordingly, the Foundation will convert, at its discretion, a portion of its monthly withdrawals to fiat currency. We expect this conversion to be primarily facilitated by private "OTC" sales to accredited investors. The Foundation currently has no plans to speculate in cryptocurrency or other assets.
Finally, it is important that the Foundation adds value to the Sia platform well in excess of the inflation introduced by the block subsidy. For this reason, the Foundation intends to provably burn, on a quarterly basis, any coins that it cannot allocate towards any justifiable expense. In other words, coins will be burned whenever doing so provides greater value to the platform than any other use. Furthermore, the Foundation will cap its SC treasury at 5% of the total supply, and will cap its USD treasury at 4 years’ worth of predicted expenses.
Addendum: Hardfork Timeline
We would like to see this proposal finalized and accepted by the community no later than September 30th. A new version of siad, implementing the hardfork, will be released no later than October 15th. The hardfork will activate at block 293220, which is expected to occur around 12pm EST on January 1st, 2021.
Addendum: Inflation specifics
The total supply of siacoins as of January 1st, 2021 will be approximately 45.243 GS. The initial subsidy of 1.57 GS thus increases the supply by 3.47%, and the total annual inflation in 2021 will be at most 10.4% (if zero coins are burned). In 2022, total annual inflation will be at most 6.28%, and will steadily decrease in subsequent years.


We see the establishment of the Foundation as an important step in the maturation of the Sia project. It provides the ecosystem with a sustainable source of funding that can be exclusively directed towards achieving Sia's ambitious goals. Compared to other projects with far deeper pockets, Sia has always punched above its weight; once we're on equal footing, there's no telling what we'll be able to achieve.
Nevertheless, we do not propose this change lightly, and have taken pains to ensure that the Foundation will act in accordance with the ideals that this community shares. It will operate transparently, keep inflation to a minimum, and respect the user's fundamental role in decentralized systems. We hope that everyone in the community will consider this proposal carefully, and look forward to a productive discussion.
submitted by lukechampine to siacoin [link] [comments]

List of bitcoin person-to-person (P2P) bitcoin exchanges (e.g., Bisq, HodlHodl, LocalCoinSwap, etc.)

Following is a list of P2P exchanges for trading Bitcoin. Common payment methods include bank transfer, cash deposited in the seller's bank account, in-person cash (face-to-face) trades as well as payment networks such as Zelle, Alipay, even Cash App and PayPal, for example.
Any that I am missing?
Altcoin-only P2P Trading exchanges
AggregatoSearch and Helper Sites
Note: If you use one of the above P2P OTC trade "matchmaking" services, please trade with caution and do your own due diligence.
This list does not include exchanges not in English (e.g., 58Coin), deserted or defunct marketplaces (e.g., Cancoin, and Rahakott), not-yet launched (e.g., OTCBoss, and DAIHard), ones that operate only through dark markets, or online-only DEX/decentralized exchanges (another list of DEXes).
Also, there are a number of variants that I didn't list:
Otherwise, there are a number of other exchanges — with varying attributes. We recommended trying to stick with No-KYC exchanges, including most of the ones listed on:
Additions, corrections, and other feedback welcome and can be submitted as an issue or pull request on GitHub, or via e-mail.
[Note: There is also a corresponding post on Medium with this information as well.]
submitted by cointastical to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

What's Happening At Dash? | Continually Updated News & Announcements Thread

Welcome to dashpay!
If you are new to Dash, we encourage you to check out our wiki, where the Dash project is explained from the ground up with many links to valuable information resources. Also check out the menu bar on top and the sidebar to the right. We have very active Discord and Telegram channels where the community is happy to answer any and all newcomer questions.

Purpose of this post

This post is directed towards community members who wish to rapidly access information on current developments surrounding the Dash cryptocurrency.
Lately we've noticed how the pace of events picked up significantly within the Dash project due to many years of hard work coming together and pieces falling into place ("Evolution" is finally here. It's called Dash Platform). For the purpose of keeping these many pieces of information together, however, singular Reddit submissions are insufficient. Thus we decided to maintain a pinned thread collecting blog posts, interviews, articles, podcasts, videos & announcements. Check back regularly, as this thread will always feature the latest news around Dash, while also serving as a mid-term archive for important announcements and developments.
Journalists looking for news and contact opportunities wrt Dash, please bookmark:

Dash Press Room

"At Dash Press Room you will find the latest press releases, media materials and product updates on Dash - Digital Cash."

Dash Platform Video Series (formerly known as "Evolution") with Amanda B. Johnson

  1. Dash is Becoming a Cloud | Dash Platform #1
  2. What is Dash Drive? | Dash Platform #2
  3. What is Dash's Decentralized API? (DAPI) | Dash Platform #3
  4. Usernames & Dash Platform Name Service (DPNS) | Dash Platform #4

Dash Core Group News

(last updated: Oct 9th, 2020)

Dash Insights with Mark Mason & Dash Talk with Amanda B. Johnson

(last updated: Oct 9th, 2020)

Development news

(last updated: Oct 9th, 2020)

Adoption, Partnership, Business Development, General News

(last updated: Oct 3rd, 2020)
submitted by Basilpop to dashpay [link] [comments]

KYC is absolutely not acceptable for MakerDAO!

I've heard that founder of MakerDAO is not strictly against KYC. I have a message to whole community and specifically to a founder of MakerDAO Rune Christensen. I will explain using concrete examples why having KYC in MakerDAO is a grave mistake and it will lead to MakerDAO fork.
Many people in the first world never actually understand why financial privacy and financial inclusion is important. Even people (in the first world) who seemingly supportive of such ideas are not able to provide any concrete examples of why it's actually important.
Unfortunately, I was born in a "wrong" country (Uzbekistan) and I experienced first hand what financial exclusion actually means. I know first hand that annoying feeling when you read polite, boilerplate rejection letter from financial institution based in first world. So I had to become practical libertarian. I'm going to give you concrete examples of financial discrimination against me. Then I'm going to explain fundamental reasons why it happens. And finally, I'm going to explain my vision for DAI.
Back in 2005, I lived in Uzbekistan. I had an idea to invest in US stocks. I was very naive and I didn't know anything about investing, compliance, bank transfers, KYC etc. All I knew is nice long term charts of US stocks and what P/E means. I didn't contact any US brokerage but I checked information about account opening and how to transfer money there. I approached local bank in Uzbekistan and asked how to transfer money to Bank of New York. Banker's face was like - WOW, WTF?!?! They asked me to go to private room to talk with senior manager. Senior manager of local bank in Uzbekistan asked me why I wanted to transfer money to US. They told me that it's absolutely impossible to transfer money to US/EU and pretty much anywhere. I approached nearly every local bank in the town and they told me the same.
In 2012, I already lived in Moscow and acquired Russian citizenship. I got back to my old idea - investing in US stocks. I called to many US brokerages and all of them politely rejected me. Usually when I called I asked them if I can open an account with them. They told me to hold on line. After long pause, I was able to speak with "senior" support who politely explain me that Russia in their list of restricted countries and they can't open an account for me. Finally, I was able to open an account with OptionsXpress. Next challenge was to convince local Russian bank to transfer money to US. Back then in 2012, I was able to get permission to do so. So you might say - is this happy end?
Fast forwarding US brokerage story to 2017, OptionsXpress was acquired by Charles Schwab. I was notified that my OptionsXpress account will be migrated to Charles Schwab platform. In 2017, I already lived in the Netherlands (but still having Russian citizenship). I wasn't happy with my stupid job in the Netherlands. I called Charles Schwab and asked if I quit my job in the Netherlands and have to return to Russia, what will happen with my account. Schwab told me that they will restrict my account, so I can't do anything except closing my account. So even if I was long term customer of OptionsXpress, Charles Schwab is not fully okay with me.
Going back to 2013, I still lived in Russia. I had another idea. What if I quit my job and build some SAAS platform (or whatever) and sell my stuff to US customers. So I need some website which accept US credit cards. I contacted my Russian bank (who previously allowed me to transfer money to OptionsXpress) about steps to make in order to accept US credit cards in Russia. I've been told explicitly in email that they won't allow me to accept US credit cards under any circumstances.
Back then I still believed in "the free west". So I thought - no problem, I will just open bank account abroad and do all operations from my foreign account. I planned vacation in Hong Kong. And Hong Kong is freest economy in the world. Looks like it's right place to open bank account. I contacted HSBC Hong Kong via email. Their general support assured me that I can open bank account with them if I'm foreigner. I flew to Hong Kong for vacation and visited HSBC branch. Of course, they rejected me. But they recommended me to visit last floor in their HQ building, they told me that another HSBC branch specializes on opening bank accounts for foreigners. I went there and they said minimum amount to open bank account is 10 mil HKD (1.27 mil USD). Later I learned that it's called private banking.
When I relocated to the Netherlands, I asked ABN Amro staff - what's happen with my bank account if I quit/lose my job in the Netherlands and have to return back to Russia. I've been told that I can't have my dutch bank account if I go back to Russia even if I already used their bank for 2+ years.
I still had idea that I would like to quit my job and do something for myself. The problem is that I'm Russian citizen and I don't have any residency which is independent from my employment. So if I quit my job in the Netherlands, I have to return back to Russia. I wanted to see how I would get payments from US/EU customers. I found Stripe Atlas, it's so exciting, they help you to incorporate in US, and even help with banking, all process of receiving credit card payments is very smooth. But as usual in my case, there is a catch - Russia in their list of restricted countries.
Speaking of centralized compliance-friendly (e.g. KYC) crypto exchanges. This year I live and work in Hong Kong. Earlier this year, I thought it would be nice to have an account at local crypto exchange in Hong Kong so I can quickly transfer money from my bank account in Hong Kong to crypto exchange using FPS (local payment system for fast bank transfers). What could go wrong? After all Hong Kong is freest economy in the world, right? I submitted KYC documents to crypto exchange called Weever including copy of my Hong Kong ID as they requested. They very quickly responded that they need copy of my passport as well. I submitted copy of my Russian passport. This time they got silent. After a few days, they sent me email saying that Russia is on the US Office of Foreign Assets Control sanction list, so they just require me to fill a form about source of the funds. I told them that the source of my funds is salary, my Hong Kong bank can confirm that along with my employment contract. They got very silent after I sent them a filled form. After a week of silence I asked them - when my account get approved? They said that their compliance office will review my application soon. And they got very silent again. I waited for two or three weeks. Then I asked them again. And I immediately got email with title - Rejection for Weever Account Opening. And text of email was:
We are sorry to inform you that Weever may not be able to accept your account opening application at this stage.
Exactly the same situation I had with one crypto exchange in Europe back in 2017. Luckily I have accounts at other crypto exchanges including Gemini, one of most compliance obsessed exchange in the world. Although I don't keep my money there because I can't trust them, who knows what might come into head of their compliance officer one sunny day.
By the way, I'm living and working outside of Russia for quite a few years. The situation with crypto exchanges is much worse for those who still living in Russia.
I give you a few other examples of financial discrimination is not related to troubles with my Russian citizenship.
Back in 2018, I still lived in the Netherlands. I logged in into my brokerage account just to buy US ETFs as I always do - SPY and QQQ. I placed my order and it failed to fill. I thought it's just a technical problem with my brokerage account. After a few failed attempts to send buy orders for SPY and QQQ, I contacted their support. What they told me was shocking and completely unexpected. They said I'm not permitted to buy US ETFs anymore as EU resident because EU passed a law to protect retail investors. So as a EU resident I'm allowed to be exposed to more risk by buying individual US stocks but I'm not allowed to reduce my risk by buying SPY because ... EU wants to protect me. I felt final result of new law. By the way, on paper their law looks fine.
And the final example. It's a known fact that US public market become less attractive in recent decades. Due to heavy regulatory burden companies prefer to go public very late. So if successful unicorn startup grows from its inception/genesis to late adoption, company's valuation would be 3-5 orders of orders of magnitude. For example, if valuation of successful company at inception is 1 Mil USD, then at its very latest stage it's valuation would be 10 Bil USD. So we have 10'000 times of growth. In the best case scenario, company would go public at 1 Bil USD 5-10 years before reaching its peak 10 Bil USD. So investors in private equity could enjoy 1000 fold growth and just leave for public only last 10 fold growth stretched in time. In the worst case scenario, company would go public at 10 Bil USD, i.e. at its historical peak. But there are well known platforms to buy shares of private companies, one of such platforms is Forge Global. You can buy shares of almost all blue chip startups. You can even invest in SpaceX! But as always, there is a catch - US government wants to protect not just US citizens but all people in the world (sounds ridiculous, right?). US law requires you to have 1 Mil USD net worth or 200'000 USD annual income if you want to buy shares of non-public company. So if you are high-net worth individual you can be called "accredited investor". Funny thing is that the law intends to protect US citizens but even if you are not US citizen and never even lived in US, this law is still applies to you in practice. So if you are "poor loser", platforms like Forge Global will reject you.
So high-net worth individuals have access and opportunity to Bitcoin-style multi-magnitude growth every 5-10 years. Contrary to private equity markets, US public markets is low risk/low return type of market. If you have small amount of capital, it's just glorified way to protect yourself from inflation plus some little return on top. It's not bad, US public market is a still great way to store your wealth. But I'm deeply convinced that for small capital you must seek fundamentally different type of market - high risk/high return. It's just historical luck that Bitcoin/Ethereum/etc were available for general public from day one. But in reality, viral/exponential growth is happening quite often. It's just you don't have access to such type of markets due to regulatory reasons.
I intentionally described these examples of financial discrimination in full details as I experienced them because I do feel that vast majority of people in the first world honestly think that current financial system works just fine and only criminals and terrorists are banned. In reality that's not true at all. 99.999% of innocent people are completely cut off from modern financial system in the name of fighting against money laundering.
Here is a big picture why it's happening. There are rich countries (so called western world) and poor countries (so called third world). Financial wall is carefully built by two sides. Authoritarian leaders of poor countries almost always want full control over their population, they don't like market economy, and since market forces don't value their crappy legal system (because it works only for close friends of authoritarian leader) they must implement strict capital control. Otherwise, all capital will run away from their country because nobody really respects their crappy legal system. It only has value under heavy gun of government. Only friends of authoritarian leader can move their money out of country but not you.
Leaders of rich countries want to protect their economy from "dirty money" coming from third world. Since citizens of poor countries never vote for leaders of rich countries nobody really cares if rich country just ban everyone from poor country. It's the most lazy way to fight against money laundering - simply ban everyone from certain country.
Actually if you look deeper you will see that rich countries very rarely directly ban ordinary people from third world. Usually, there is no such law which doesn't allow me to open bank account somewhere in Europe as non-EU resident. What's really happens is that US/EU government implement very harsh penalties for financial institutions if anything ever goes wrong.
So what's actually happens is that financial institutions (banks, brokerages etc) do de-risking. This is the most important word you must know about traditional financial system!
So if you have wrong passport, financial institution (for example) bank from rich country just doesn't want to take any risks dealing with you even if you are willing to provide full documentation about your finances. It's well known fact that banks in Hong Kong, Europe, US like to unexpectedly shutdown accounts of thousands innocent businesses due to de-risking.
So it's actually de-risking is the real reason why I was rejected so many times by financial institutions in the first world!!! It's de-risking actually responsible for banning 99.999% of innocent people. So governments of rich democratic countries formally have clean hands because they are not banning ordinary people from third world directly. All dirty job is done by financial institutions but governments are well aware of that, it's just more convenient way to discriminate. And nobody actually cares! Ordinary citizens in rich countries are never exposed to such problems and they really don't care about people in third world, after all they are not citizens of US/EU/UK/CH/CA/HK/SG/JP/AU/NZ.
And now are you ready for the most hilarious part? If you are big corrupt bureaucrat from Russia you are actually welcome by the first world financial institutions! All Russian's junta keep their stolen money all across Europe and even in US. You might wonder how this is possible if the western financial system is so aggressive in de-risking.
Here is a simple equation which financial institution should solve when they decide whether to open an account for you or not:
Y - R = net profit
Y - how much profit they can make with you;
R - how much regulatory risk they take while working with you;
That's it! It's very simple equation. So if you are really big junta member from Russia you are actually welcome according to this equation. Banks have special name for serving (ultra) high-net worth individuals, it's called private banking. It's has nothing to do with the fact that bank is private. It's just fancy name for banking for rich.
So what's usually happen in real world. Some Estonian or Danish bank got caught with large scale money laundering from Russia. European leaders are ashamed in front of their voters. They implement new super harsh law against money laundering to keep their voters happy. Voters are ordinary people, they don't care about details of new regulations. So banks get scared and abruptly shutdown ALL accounts of Russian customers. And European voters are happy.
Modern money laundering laws are like shooting mouse in your house using bazooka! It's very efficient to kill mouse, right?
Now imagine world without financial borders. It's hard to do so because we are all get so used to current status quo of traditional financial system. But with additional effort you can start asking questions - if Internet economy is so global and it doesn't really matter where HQ of startup is located, why they are all concentrated in just a few tiny places like Silicon Valley and ... well, that's mostly it if you count the biggest unicorns!
Another question would be - why so many talented russian, indian, chinese programmers just go to the same places like San Francisco, London and make super rich companies like Amazon, Google, Facebook, Apple to get even richer? If all you need is laptop and access to internet, why you don't see any trade happening between first and third world?
Well actually there is a trade between first and third world but it's not exactly what I want to see. Usually third world countries sell their natural resources through giant corporations to the first world.
So it's possible to get access to the first world market from third world but this access usually granted only to big and established companies (and usually it means not innovative).
Unicorns are created through massive parallel experiment. Every week bunch of new startups are created in Silicon Valley. Thousands and thousands startups are created in Silicon Valley with almost instant access to global market. Just by law of large numbers you have a very few of them who later become unicorns and dominate the world.
But if you have wrong passport and you are located in "wrong" country where every attempt to access global market is very costly, then you most likely not to start innovative startup in the first place. In the best case scenario, you just create either local business or just local copy-paste startup (copied from the west) oriented on (relatively small) domestic market. Obviously in such setup it's predictable that places like Silicon Valley will have giant advantage and as a result all unicorns get concentrated in just a few tiny places.
In the world without financial barriers there will be much smaller gap between rich and poor countries. With low barrier of entry, it won't be a game when winner takes all.
Whole architecture of decentralized cryptocurrencies is intended to remove middle man and make transactions permissionless. Governments are inherently opposite to that, they are centralized and permissioned. Therefore, decentralized cryptocurrencies are fundamentally incompatible with traditional financial system which is full of middle mans and regulations (i.e. permissions).
Real value of crypto are coming from third world, not the first world. People are buying crypto in rich countries just want to invest. Their financial system and their fiat money are more or less already working for them. So there is no immediate urgency to get rid of fiat money in the first world. So the first world citizens buying crypto on centralized KYCd exchanges are essentially making side bet on the success of crypto in third world.
Real and natural environment of cryptocurrencies is actually dark OTC market in places like Venezuela and China.
But cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum have a big limitation to wide adoption in third world - high volatility.
So the real target audience is oppressed (both by their own government and by first world governments) ordinary citizens of third world countries yet they are least who can afford to take burden of high volatility.
Right now, Tether is a big thing for dark markets across the world (by the way, dark market doesn't automatically imply bad!). But Tether soon or later be smashed by US/EU regulators.
The only real and working permissionless stable cryptocurrency (avoiding hyped word - stablecoin) is DAI.
DAI is the currency for post-Tether world to lead dark OTC market around the world and subvert fiat currencies of oppressive third world governments.
Once DAI become de-facto widespread currency in shadow economy in all of third world, then it will be accepted (after many huge push backs from governments) as a new reality. I'm talking about 10-20+ years time horizon.
But if MakerDAO chooses the route of being compliance friendly then DAI will lose its real target audience (i.e. third world).
I can not imagine US/EU calmly tolerate someone buying US stocks and using as a collateral to issue another security (i.e. DAI) which is going to be traded somewhere in Venezuela! You can not be compliance friendly and serve people in Venezuela.
Facebook's Libra was stupidest thing I've seen. It's extremely stupid to ask permission from the first world regulators to serve third world and create borderless economy. Another stupid thing is to please third world governments as well. For example, Libra (if ever run) will not serve Indian, Chinese, Venezuelan people. Who is then going to use stupid Libra? Hipsters in Silicon Valley? Why? US dollars are good enough already.
submitted by omgcoin to MakerDAO [link] [comments]

/r/Bitcoin FAQ - Newcomers please read

Welcome to the /Bitcoin Sticky FAQ

You've probably been hearing a lot about Bitcoin recently and are wondering what's the big deal? Most of your questions should be answered by the resources below but if you have additional questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
The following videos are a good starting point for understanding how bitcoin works and a little about its long term potential:
For some more great introductory videos check out Andreas Antonopoulos's YouTube playlists, he is probably the best bitcoin educator out there today. Also have to give mention to James D'Angelo's Bitcoin 101 Blackboard series. Lots of additional video resources can be found at the videos wiki page or /BitcoinTV.
Key properties of bitcoin
Some excellent writing on Bitcoin's value proposition and future can be found here. Bitcoin statistics can be found here, here and here. Developer resources can be found here and here. Peer-reviewed research papers can be found here. The number of times Bitcoin was declared dead by the media can be found here. Scaling resources here, and of course the whitepaper that started it all.

Where can I buy bitcoins?

BuyBitcoinWorldwide.com and Howtobuybitcoin.io are helpful sites for beginners. You can buy or sell any amount of bitcoin and there are several easy methods to purchase bitcoin with cash, credit card or bank transfer. Some of the more popular resources are below, also, check out the bitcoinity exchange resources for a larger list of options for purchases.
Bank Transfer Credit / Debit card Cash
Coinbase Coinbase LocalBitcoins
Gemini Bitstamp LibertyX
GDAX Bitit Mycelium LocalTrader
Bitstamp Cex.io BitQuick
Kraken CoinMama WallofCoins
Xapo BitcoinOTC
Here is a listing of local ATMs. If you would like your paycheck automatically converted to bitcoin use Cashila or Bitwage.
Note: Bitcoins are valued at whatever market price people are willing to pay for them in balancing act of supply vs demand. Unlike traditional markets, bitcoin markets operate 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. Preev is a useful site that that shows how much various denominations of bitcoin are worth in different currencies. Alternatively you can just Google "1 bitcoin in (your local currency)".

Securing your bitcoins

With bitcoin you can "Be your own bank" and personally secure your bitcoins OR you can use third party companies aka "Bitcoin banks" which will hold the bitcoins for you.
Android iOs Desktop
Mycelium BreadWallet Electrum
CoPay AirBitz Armory
Another interesting use case for physical storage/transfer is the Opendime. Opendime is a small USB stick that allows you to spend Bitcoin by physically passing it along so it's anonymous and tangible like cash.
Note: For increased security, use Two Factor Authentication (2FA) everywhere it is offered, including email!
2FA requires a second confirmation code to access your account, usually from a text message or app, making it much harder for thieves to gain access. Google Authenticator and Authy are the two most popular 2FA services, download links are below. Make sure you create backups of your 2FA codes.
Google Auth Authy
Android Android

Where can I spend bitcoins?

A more comprehensive list can be found at the Trade FAQ but some more commons ones are below.
Store Product
Gyft Gift cards for hundreds of retailers including Amazon, Target, Walmart, Starbucks, Whole Foods, CVS, Lowes, Home Depot, iTunes, Best Buy, Sears, Kohls, eBay, GameStop, etc.
Steam, HumbleBundle, Games Planet, itch.io, g2g and kinguin For when you need to get your game on
Microsoft Xbox games, phone apps and software
Spendabit, The Bitcoin Shop, Overstock, DuoSearch, The Bitcoin Directory and BazaarBay Retail shopping with millions of results
ShakePay Generate one time use Visa cards in seconds
NewEgg and Dell For all your electronics needs
Cashila, Bitwa.la, Coinbills, Piixpay, Bitbill.eu, Bylls, Coins.ph, Bitrefill, Pey.de, LivingRoomofSatoshi, Hyphen.to, Coinsfer, GetPaidinBitcoin, Coins.co.th, More #1, #2 Bill payment
Foodler, Menufy, Takeaway, Thuisbezorgd NL, Pizza For Coins Takeout delivered to your door!
Expedia, Cheapair, Lot, Destinia, BTCTrip, Abitsky, SkyTours, Fluege the Travel category on Gyft and 9flats For when you need to get away
BoltVM, BitHost VPS service
Cryptostorm, Mullvad, and PIA VPN services
Namecheap, Porkbun For new domain name registration
Stampnik and GetUSPS Discounted USPS Priority, Express, First-Class mail postage
Reddit Gold Premium membership which can be gifted to others
Coinmap, 99Bitcoins and AirBitz are helpful to find local businesses accepting bitcoins. A good resource for UK residents is at wheretospendbitcoins.co.uk.
There are also lots of charities which accept bitcoin donations, such as Wikipedia, Red Cross, Amnesty International, United Way, ACLU and the EFF. You can find a longer list here.

Merchant Resources

There are several benefits to accepting bitcoin as a payment option if you are a merchant;
If you are interested in accepting bitcoin as a payment method, there are several options available;

Can I mine bitcoin?

Mining bitcoins can be a fun learning experience, but be aware that you will most likely operate at a loss. Newcomers are often advised to stay away from mining unless they are only interested in it as a hobby similar to folding at home. If you want to learn more about mining you can read more here. Still have mining questions? The crew at /BitcoinMining would be happy to help you out.
If you want to contribute to the bitcoin network by hosting the blockchain and propagating transactions you can run a full node using this setup guide. Bitseed is an easy option for getting set up. You can view the global node distribution here.

Earning bitcoins

Just like any other form of money, you can also earn bitcoins by being paid to do a job.
Site Description
WorkingForBitcoins, Bitwage, XBTfreelancer, Cryptogrind, Bitlancerr, Coinality, Bitgigs, /Jobs4Bitcoins, Rein Project Freelancing
OpenBazaar, Purse.io, Bitify, /Bitmarket, 21 Market Marketplaces
Watchmybit, Streamium.io, OTika.tv, XOtika.tv NSFW, /GirlsGoneBitcoin NSFW Video Streaming
Bitasker, BitforTip, WillPayCoin Tasks
Supload.com, SatoshiBox, JoyStream, File Army File/Image Sharing
CoinAd, A-ads, Coinzilla.io Advertising
You can also earn bitcoins by participating as a market maker on JoinMarket by allowing users to perform CoinJoin transactions with your bitcoins for a small fee (requires you to already have some bitcoins)

Bitcoin Projects

The following is a short list of ongoing projects that might be worth taking a look at if you are interested in current development in the bitcoin space.
Project Description
Lightning Network, Amiko Pay, and Strawpay Payment channels for network scaling
Blockstream and Drivechain Sidechains
21, Inc. Open source library for the machine payable web
ShapeShift.io Trade between bitcoins and altcoins easily
Open Transactions, Counterparty, Omni, Open Assets, Symbiont and Chain Financial asset platforms
Hivemind and Augur Prediction markets
Mirror Smart contracts
Mediachain Decentralized media library
Tierion and Factom Records & Titles on the blockchain
BitMarkets, DropZone, Beaver and Open Bazaar Decentralized markets
Samourai and Dark Wallet - abandoned Privacy-enhancing wallets
JoinMarket CoinJoin implementation (Increase privacy and/or Earn interest on bitcoin holdings)
Coinffeine and Bitsquare Decentralized bitcoin exchanges
Keybase and Bitrated Identity & Reputation management
Bitmesh and Telehash Mesh networking
JoyStream BitTorrent client with paid seeding
MORPHiS Decentralized, encrypted internet
Storj and Sia Decentralized file storage
Streamium and Faradam Pay in real time for on-demand services
Abra Global P2P money transmitter network
bitSIM PIN secure hardware token between SIM & Phone
Identifi Decentralized address book w/ ratings system
Coinometrics Institutional-level Bitcoin Data & Research
Blocktrail and BitGo Multisig bitcoin API
Bitcore Open source Bitcoin javascript library
Insight Open source blockchain API
Leet Kill your friends and take their money ;)

Bitcoin Units

One Bitcoin is quite large (hundreds of £/$/€) so people often deal in smaller units. The most common subunits are listed below:
Unit Symbol Value Info
millibitcoin mBTC 1,000 per bitcoin SI unit for milli i.e. millilitre (mL) or millimetre (mm)
microbitcoin μBTC 1,000,000 per bitcoin SI unit for micro i.e microlitre (μL) or micrometre (μm)
bit bit 1,000,000 per bitcoin Colloquial "slang" term for microbitcoin
satoshi sat 100,000,000 per bitcoin Smallest unit in bitcoin, named after the inventor
For example, assuming an arbitrary exchange rate of $500 for one Bitcoin, a $10 meal would equal:
For more information check out the Bitcoin units wiki.
Still have questions? Feel free to ask in the comments below or stick around for our weekly Mentor Monday thread. If you decide to post a question in /Bitcoin, please use the search bar to see if it has been answered before, and remember to follow the community rules outlined on the sidebar to receive a better response. The mods are busy helping manage our community so please do not message them unless you notice problems with the functionality of the subreddit. A complete list of bitcoin related subreddits can be found here
Note: This is a community created FAQ. If you notice anything missing from the FAQ or that requires clarification you can edit it here and it will be included in the next revision pending approval.
Welcome to the Bitcoin community and the new decentralized economy!
submitted by BinaryResult to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Crescimento de 500 subs em 8 meses

Crescimento de 500 subs em 8 meses
Estes números foram registrados no final do dia da primeira compilação e no começo do dia da segunda compilação graças ao script original (atualmente arquivado) criado rapidamente por u/6-bit na época.
Tabelas e gráficos ilustram a diferença entre a quantidade de membros de 500 subreddits em português entre fevereiro e outubro deste ano e a lista completa não contém Soberano (agora SaoPauloFC) e BrasilAnarchy porque as comunidades se tornaram privadas e DrogasBrasil foi banido nesse meio-tempo.

Crescimento absoluto

subreddit fev. out. TCA
brasil 217150 276861 +59711
ItHadToBeBrazil 16913 75508 +58595
portugal 60689 85596 +24907
brasilivre 10048 34172 +24124
circojeca 7323 29797 +22474
desabafos 5097 25584 +20487
investimentos 6655 23027 +16372
CelebsBR 20662 30477 +9815
PORTUGALCARALHO 10123 16100 +5977
10º benfica 4785 9579 +4794
11º MemesBrasil 1458 6141 +4683
12º Portuguese 9183 13817 +4634
13º putaria 1189 4980 +3791
14º portugalnews 627 4223 +3596
15º brazilians 2651 5979 +3328


Crescimento relativo

subreddit fev. out. TCR
faustao 5 159 3080.00%
SaoPauloFC 23 358 1456.52%
NaoMortoAbraDentro 52 517 894.23%
EmPortugues 30 295 883.33%
Tugasnuas 31 274 783.87%
Anitta 152 1133 645.39%
portugalnews 627 4223 573.52%
caso_isolado 54 340 529.63%
copiaEcola 12 74 516.67%
10º desabafos 5097 25584 401.94%
11º BrasilSimulator 185 869 369.73%
12º ItHadToBeBrazil 16913 75508 346.45%
13º farialimabets 267 1148 329.96%
14º MemesBrasil 1458 6141 321.19%
15º putaria 1189 4980 318.84%


Lista completa

subreddit fev. out. TCA TCR
091Para 12 18 +6 50.00%
a7arte 729 964 +235 32.24%
AdrianaLima 5871 7069 +1198 20.41%
AJS_BR 274 355 +81 29.56%
Ajuda 5 7 +2 40.00%
AjudaBrasil 151 244 +93 61.59%
AlessandraAmbrosio 5529 6477 +948 17.15%
Algarve 373 481 +108 28.95%
AllTuga 30 39 +9 30.00%
AnaBeatrizBarros 442 520 +78 17.65%
AnarquismoBrasil 83 203 +120 144.58%
Angola 406 514 +108 26.60%
animebrasil 865 1767 +902 104.28%
animeportugal 250 296 +46 18.40%
Anitta 152 1133 +981 645.39%
AplicacoesUteis 2 3 +1 50.00%
arco_iris 994 1680 +686 69.01%
Arrependinaro 1609 2122 +513 31.88%
artebrasileira 652 750 +98 15.03%
artept 14 16 +2 14.29%
askgaytugas 94 132 +38 40.43%
ateismo_br 125 173 +48 38.40%
ateismobr 24 28 +4 16.67%
aveiro 367 404 +37 10.08%
azores 1224 1698 +474 38.73%
bahia 66 77 +11 16.67%
barba 6 8 +2 33.33%
basquete 5 7 +2 40.00%
batebola 13 12 -1 -7.69%
batepapo 416 537 +121 29.09%
Beja 30 36 +6 20.00%
belempa 40 49 +9 22.50%
BeloHorizonte 338 740 +402 118.93%
benfica 4785 9579 +4794 100.19%
bestofbrasil 226 234 +8 3.54%
bicicleta 4 3 -1 -25.00%
bicicletariodejaneiro 5 5 0 0.00%
BigBrotherBrasil 1 1 0 0.00%
Bissau 11 12 +1 9.09%
bitcoinportugal 204 254 +50 24.51%
BitoqueCaralho 557 582 +25 4.49%
boanoite 20 35 +15 75.00%
bolha 287 498 +211 73.52%
bolsa 127 192 +65 51.18%
bolsadevalores 94 137 +43 45.74%
bolsocriticabolso 18 20 +2 11.11%
Bolsonaro 1701 2279 +578 33.98%
BolsonaroVsBolsonaro 961 1705 +744 77.42%
bomdia 17 25 +8 47.06%
bomdiagrupo 9 35 +26 288.89%
botafogo 84 150 +66 78.57%
BR_Events 39 40 +1 2.56%
br4r 186 285 +99 53.23%
braga 399 475 +76 19.05%
brasil 217150 276861 +59711 27.50%
brasil_anarquia 52 62 +10 19.23%
brasil_drama 2502 4382 +1880 75.14%
Brasil_PPG 27 30 +3 11.11%
Brasil_reflexivo 32 35 +3 9.38%
BRASIL_XXX 1111 1483 +372 33.48%
brasil10 172 173 +1 0.58%
brasil2 432 603 +171 39.58%
brasil420 190 297 +107 56.32%
Brasilandia 47 55 +8 17.02%
Brasilball 999 1259 +260 26.03%
BrasilBitcoin 1871 2244 +373 19.94%
BrasilBItcoinOTC 27 27 0 0.00%
BRASILCARALHO 41 45 +4 9.76%
brasildemocratico 31 27 -4 -12.90%
BrasildoB 4771 6729 +1958 41.04%
Brasileiras 40 47 +7 17.50%
Brasileirinhas 40 65 +25 62.50%
Brasileiros 13 18 +5 38.46%
brasileirosIlustres 7 13 +6 85.71%
brasileirosnoreddit 14 23 +9 64.29%
brasilethereum 15 15 0 0.00%
brasilfeliz 7 7 0 0.00%
BrasilFilmes 16 16 0 0.00%
BrasilGamerPRO 42 66 +24 57.14%
brasilgonewild 62 133 +71 114.52%
brasilgw 83 113 +30 36.14%
brasilia 570 688 +118 20.70%
BrasiliansGoneWild 243 290 +47 19.34%
brasilisarb 245 261 +16 6.53%
brasilivre 10048 34172 +24124 240.09%
Brasilivrelivre 71 91 +20 28.17%
BrasilivrelivreFinal 41 43 +2 4.88%
brasilN 21 19 -2 -9.52%
brasilnews 28 36 +8 28.57%
brasilnoticias 274 599 +325 118.61%
BrasilOnReddit 3788 5109 +1321 34.87%
brasilpics 429 622 +193 44.99%
brasilpolitica 100 137 +37 37.00%
BrasilPorra 25 26 +1 4.00%
brasilpqp 14 15 +1 7.14%
BrasilRoyale 17 14 -3 -17.65%
BrasilRPG 49 74 +25 51.02%
brasilsemfrescura 18 22 +4 22.22%
BrasilSimulator 185 869 +684 369.73%
Brasilx 1 1 0 0.00%
brasilxxx 12 15 +3 25.00%
Bratugal 92 95 +3 3.26%
Brazil 8973 10156 +1183 13.18%
brazil_tech_expats 13 17 +4 30.77%
brazil_vs_argentina 176 191 +15 8.52%
Brazilerias 40 51 +11 27.50%
BrazilGirlsOnTV 277 343 +66 23.83%
brazilhotties 294 841 +547 186.05%
BrazilianArchitecture 195 210 +15 7.69%
BrazilianBabes 11546 14818 +3272 28.34%
brazilianfartporn 56 93 +37 66.07%
braziliangoddesses 370 737 +367 99.19%
BrazilianGP2018lives 197 197 0 0.00%
brazilianjiujitsu 2193 3227 +1034 47.15%
brazilianmalemodel 420 512 +92 21.90%
brazilianmusic 3119 3632 +513 16.45%
brazilians 2651 5979 +3328 125.54%
brazilianwhores 241 265 +24 9.96%
BrazilistheWorst 64 64 0 0.00%
BrazilOpenSource 364 465 +101 27.75%
BrazilorRussia 57 66 +9 15.79%
braziltourism 82 94 +12 14.63%
BrazilVapor 12 12 0 0.00%
BrazilvsMexicoLives 97 100 +3 3.09%
brazucas 30 37 +7 23.33%
brdev 969 1223 +254 26.21%
BrDevelopers 123 149 +26 21.14%
brengracado 101 131 +30 29.70%
Brinquedos 1 1 0 0.00%
BRSExplica 150 152 +2 1.33%
brugal 196 209 +13 6.63%
brvideos 72 73 +1 1.39%
CaboVerde 46 67 +21 45.65%
cachaca 38 51 +13 34.21%
CaldoVerde 68 103 +35 51.47%
camara 2 2 0 0.00%
campismo 2 3 +1 50.00%
CampoGrande 37 52 +15 40.54%
CapeVerde 280 357 +77 27.50%
capeverdeancreole 18 27 +9 50.00%
Carioca 130 134 +4 3.08%
carreiras 49 72 +23 46.94%
carros 33 91 +58 175.76%
CartoeseClubes 324 381 +57 17.59%
cascavel 7 12 +5 71.43%
caso_isolado 54 340 +286 529.63%
castelobranco 52 62 +10 19.23%
catioros_inspiradores 32 24 -8 -25.00%
ccportugal 121 131 +10 8.26%
Ceara 31 37 +6 19.35%
celebridades 3 4 +1 33.33%
CelebsBR 20662 30477 +9815 47.50%
cellbit 1428 4752 +3324 232.77%
cerveja 36 43 +7 19.44%
cerveja_artesanal 20 35 +15 75.00%
Chapecoense 310 300 -10 -3.23%
chapeubranco 761 815 +54 7.10%
chapolin 3 3 0 0.00%
chaves 11 19 +8 72.73%
ChoquedeCultura 115 136 +21 18.26%
chorinho 4 8 +4 100.00%
cienciabrasil 18 55 +37 205.56%
cienciadedados 37 50 +13 35.14%
ciencias 563 729 +166 29.48%
CienciaSemFronteiras 150 170 +20 13.33%
cienciatododia 65 118 +53 81.54%
CinemaBrasil 198 253 +55 27.78%
CintiaDicker 945 1174 +229 24.23%
circojeca 7323 29797 +22474 306.90%
circojeca2 10 17 +7 70.00%
Coimbra 800 926 +126 15.75%
ComidasFeia 2 5 +3 150.00%
Comunismo 314 384 +70 22.29%
concursospublicos 625 793 +168 26.88%
conselho_amoroso 16 23 +7 43.75%
ConselhosLegais 607 1275 +668 110.05%
conservadorismo 141 221 +80 56.74%
Contos 6 9 +3 50.00%
copiaEcola 12 74 +62 516.67%
Copicola 57 174 +117 205.26%
Corinthians 593 833 +240 40.47%
corretagem 4 4 0 0.00%
Corrida 18 17 -1 -5.56%
CozinhaPortuguesa 200 283 +83 41.50%
craftmybox 296 394 +98 33.11%
CriativosdePortugal 105 137 +32 30.48%
Criciuma 39 48 +9 23.08%
Cruzeiro 181 250 +69 38.12%
CryptoPortugal 489 507 +18 3.68%
CSGO_Brasil 47 71 +24 51.06%
Cultura 515 570 +55 10.68%
curitiba 732 936 +204 27.87%
Curtas 2 2 0 0.00%
desabafo 32 62 +30 93.75%
desabafos 5097 25584 +20487 401.94%
desporto 74 76 +2 2.70%
devpt 838 1106 +268 31.98%
Dicionario 2 4 +2 100.00%
Dinossauros 2 2 0 0.00%
DireitaDoBrasil 8 8 0 0.00%
direito 951 1382 +431 45.32%
DireitosDigitais 27 36 +9 33.33%
direitosdoshomens 131 149 +18 13.74%
DiretoDoZapZap 5430 8601 +3171 58.40%
Documentarios 5 6 +1 20.00%
Dota2BRa 21 24 +3 14.29%
Dota2Brasil 220 291 +71 32.27%
educacaofinanceira 64 104 +40 62.50%
EmPortugues 30 295 +265 883.33%
empreendedorismo 65 99 +34 52.31%
empregos 55 86 +31 56.36%
enem 36 61 +25 69.44%
equatorial_guinea 13 13 0 0.00%
EquatorialGuinea 37 47 +10 27.03%
Eristocracia 10 12 +2 20.00%
Escalada 60 69 +9 15.00%
Escola_Austriaca 31 36 +5 16.13%
escrevasobre 386 430 +44 11.40%
escrita 303 410 +107 35.31%
EscritoresBrasil 553 866 +313 56.60%
Espiritismo 68 116 +48 70.59%
EspiritoSanto 35 57 +22 62.86%
EsporteClubeBahia 27 47 +20 74.07%
esquerda 30 34 +4 13.33%
estacionamento 159 184 +25 15.72%
EstadoNovo 26 24 -2 -7.69%
estudiodobrasil 111 130 +19 17.12%
eu_nvr 5014 7709 +2695 53.75%
EuTireiUmaFoto 120 307 +187 155.83%
fado 157 179 +22 14.01%
farialimabets 267 1148 +881 329.96%
faustao 5 159 +154 3080.00%
favela 8 8 0 0.00%
fazdeconta 1 1 0 0.00%
fazeramigos 455 516 +61 13.41%
fcporto 1944 3088 +1144 58.85%
FCT 297 327 +30 10.10%
Feijoada 59 63 +4 6.78%
Feminismo 41 47 +6 14.63%
Festas 2 2 0 0.00%
filmes 303 643 +340 112.21%
filmes_e_series 15 21 +6 40.00%
filmeseseries 521 735 +214 41.07%
Filosofia 431 953 +522 121.11%
FilosofiaBR 38 80 +42 110.53%
Filosofias 53 63 +10 18.87%
financaspessoaispt 993 2037 +1044 105.14%
fintas 77 75 -2 -2.60%
FixeeTuga 5 7 +2 40.00%
Flamengo 820 1431 +611 74.51%
florianopolis 69 105 +36 52.17%
floripa 38 43 +5 13.16%
Fluminense 58 66 +8 13.79%
foradecasa 1590 2006 +416 26.16%
Fortaleza 154 201 +47 30.52%
FortalezaEC 27 38 +11 40.74%
francesinhas 375 382 +7 1.87%
funana 35 37 +2 5.71%
FunkCarioca 2 2 0 0.00%
Furacao 42 66 +24 57.14%
futebol 5127 7403 +2276 44.39%
futebolbrasileiro 312 336 +24 7.69%
futebolnacional 24 28 +4 16.67%
futebolpt 33 38 +5 15.15%
g1comments 1222 1417 +195 15.96%
Galicia 459 528 +69 15.03%
Galo 110 129 +19 17.27%
Gambiarra 2700 5272 +2572 95.26%
Gamebiters 1 1 0 0.00%
gamesEcultura 5194 7202 +2008 38.66%
gamingportugal 799 841 +42 5.26%
GiseleBundchen 1810 2124 +314 17.35%
globo 48 54 +6 12.50%
goiania 50 62 +12 24.00%
Goias 15 22 +7 46.67%
gonewildBR 101 169 +68 67.33%
gororoba 467 647 +180 38.54%
gremio 418 673 +255 61.00%
GuineaBissau 54 61 +7 12.96%
GuineBissau 25 26 +1 4.00%
hiphoptuga 217 299 +82 37.79%
HistoriaEmPortugues 1050 1673 +623 59.33%
historias_de_terror 85 132 +47 55.29%
HojeEuAprendi 118 156 +38 32.20%
Idiomas 416 856 +440 105.77%
ilhabela 12 14 +2 16.67%
ImagesOfBrazil 386 547 +161 41.71%
Imoveis 6 6 0 0.00%
imperio 11 40 +29 263.64%
InesperadoCu 742 1564 +822 110.78%
insonia 1 1 0 0.00%
internacional 160 308 +148 92.50%
InternetBrasil 2398 3317 +919 38.32%
investimentos 6655 23027 +16372 246.01%
IST 1103 1382 +279 25.29%
ItHadToBeBrazil 16913 75508 +58595 346.45%
IzabelGoulart 693 945 +252 36.36%
JairSeArrependendo 7 7 0 0.00%
jairsecorrompendo 159 155 -4 -2.52%
jardim 192 237 +45 23.44%
jogatina 1574 1972 +398 25.29%
jogos 437 672 +235 53.78%
JogosBrasil 43 65 +22 51.16%
jornalismo 50 65 +15 30.00%
Laranjao 117 124 +7 5.98%
leagueoflegendsbrazil 732 1081 +349 47.68%
leiria 306 347 +41 13.40%
Lennado 12 13 +1 8.33%
LiberalismoSocial 33 36 +3 9.09%
Libertarianismo 425 750 +325 76.47%
linuxbrasil 514 691 +177 34.44%
lisboa 3931 4942 +1011 25.72%
Lisbon 490 659 +169 34.49%
literatura 339 462 +123 36.28%
Livros 2013 2868 +855 42.47%
lixo 1 1 0 0.00%
Luanda 4 4 0 0.00%
Lusitania 28 28 0 0.00%
lutalivre 112 139 +27 24.11%
Macau 1133 1449 +316 27.89%
maceio 36 43 +7 19.44%
maconha 484 715 +231 47.73%
MadeInPortugal 168 223 +55 32.74%
Madeira 541 716 +175 32.35%
Mamatas 112 103 -9 -8.04%
mapas 7 7 0 0.00%
maputo 22 25 +3 13.64%
Maromba 206 264 +58 28.16%
masqueporra 457 723 +266 58.21%
medonho 7 17 +10 142.86%
MeirellesPresidente 45 43 -2 -4.44%
MemesBrasil 1458 6141 +4683 321.19%
MemesPortugal 914 1226 +312 34.14%
MercadoDeCriptomoedas 1 1 0 0.00%
MercadoViagens 48 58 +10 20.83%
merdasbrasildiz 56 63 +7 12.50%
MetalLusitano 36 52 +16 44.44%
mimimi 83 85 +2 2.41%
MinasGerais 122 172 +50 40.98%
Mindelo 15 16 +1 6.67%
Mocambique 13 13 0 0.00%
Monarkia 1034 1028 -6 -0.58%
Monarquia 114 155 +41 35.96%
motoca 136 168 +32 23.53%
Mozambique 311 412 +101 32.48%
mozambiquenews 18 19 +1 5.56%
mulheresbr 20 33 +13 65.00%
MulherMelancia 173 428 +255 147.40%
MUSICA 407 548 +141 34.64%
musicanova 1423 1885 +462 32.47%
Musicas 86 137 +51 59.30%
naoesensacionalista 629 953 +324 51.51%
NaoMortoAbraDentro 52 517 +465 894.23%
nense 200 280 +80 40.00%
NerdPowerBR 470 611 +141 30.00%
niteroi 33 53 +20 60.61%
noticiasBizarras 2 2 0 0.00%
nspot 371 680 +309 83.29%
O_PACOTE 914 2152 +1238 135.45%
oBitcoin 524 535 +11 2.10%
omecanismo 79 84 +5 6.33%
opendata_pt 354 372 +18 5.08%
oporto 12 12 0 0.00%
OuijaPortugues 144 275 +131 90.97%
palmeiras 625 936 +311 49.76%
Parana 157 224 +67 42.68%
PergunteReddit 260 608 +348 133.85%
piadas 38 59 +21 55.26%
pirataria 117 129 +12 10.26%
podcastbr 513 588 +75 14.62%
POESIA 222 343 +121 54.50%
PokemonGOBrasil 538 719 +181 33.64%
PokemonGoPortugal 149 199 +50 33.56%
PokemonGoTuga 88 88 0 0.00%
PoliticaBR 54 60 +6 11.11%
politicabrasil 43 53 +10 23.26%
PoliticaBrasileira 156 211 +55 35.26%
politicaportuguesa 312 348 +36 11.54%
porramauricio 1674 3261 +1587 94.80%
porto 2445 3105 +660 26.99%
portoalegre 228 298 +70 30.70%
portugal 60689 85596 +24907 41.04%
portugal_economico 26 34 +8 30.77%
portugal2 586 658 +72 12.29%
PortugalACultivar 12 14 +2 16.67%
PORTUGALCARALHO 10123 16100 +5977 59.04%
portugalcirclejerk 22 25 +3 13.64%
PortugalConspiracy 29 68 +39 134.48%
portugalfriends 14 16 +2 14.29%
portugalgaming 63 91 +28 44.44%
PortugalGaymers 55 73 +18 32.73%
PortugalGoneWild 2514 3280 +766 30.47%
PortugalHive 29 31 +2 6.90%
Portugaliza 14 30 +16 114.29%
PortugalLaFora 760 1135 +375 49.34%
PortugalMediaNews 22 32 +10 45.45%
portugalnews 627 4223 +3596 573.52%
PortugalNostalgia 517 538 +21 4.06%
PortugalOnReddit 792 909 +117 14.77%
PortugalPics 1119 1301 +182 16.26%
PortugalRPG 22 28 +6 27.27%
portugaltheman 5852 6495 +643 10.99%
PortugalVegan 236 396 +160 67.80%
PortugalvsBelgium 17 17 0 0.00%
PortuGIF 259 276 +17 6.56%
portuguesas 210 556 +346 164.76%
portuguesbrasileiro 31 32 +1 3.23%
Portuguese 9183 13817 +4634 50.46%
portuguese_tits 74 271 +197 266.22%
portuguesedoitbetter 26 43 +17 65.38%
PortugueseFeed 164 277 +113 68.90%
portuguesegirls 32 39 +7 21.88%
portugueseliga 379 376 -3 -0.79%
portuguesepals 19 17 -2 -10.53%
PortuguesePICS 434 450 +16 3.69%
portugueseproblems 12 19 +7 58.33%
portugueses 255 459 +204 80.00%
portuguesewaterdogs 74 183 +109 147.30%
Portusil 9 9 0 0.00%
PrimeiraLiga 4785 7151 +2366 49.45%
PromosBR 90 89 -1 -1.11%
Psicanalise 196 311 +115 58.67%
Punheteiros 15 23 +8 53.33%
putaria 1189 4980 +3791 318.84%
PutasEVinhoVerde 4 6 +2 50.00%
RadioAmador 40 61 +21 52.50%
rapidinhapoetica 875 1264 +389 44.46%
Recife 314 431 +117 37.26%
ReformaPolitica 27 31 +4 14.81%
ReiDoPaint 32 40 +8 25.00%
restaurantes 226 235 +9 3.98%
RevistaMariaResponde 233 246 +13 5.58%
Rio 19 21 +2 10.53%
rioave 20 30 +10 50.00%
riodejaneiro 1724 2241 +517 29.99%
riograndedosul 396 497 +101 25.51%
rpg_brasil 2011 3396 +1385 68.87%
salpicao 61 62 +1 1.64%
Salvador 49 62 +13 26.53%
samba 97 121 +24 24.74%
Sampa 2 2 0 0.00%
SantaCatarina 65 106 +41 63.08%
SantosFC 84 134 +50 59.52%
saopaulo 3003 3683 +680 22.64%
SaoPauloFC 23 358 +335 1456.52%
SaoTomePrincipe 50 59 +9 18.00%
scbraga 61 72 +11 18.03%
seducaopt 115 141 +26 22.61%
selecao 7 7 0 0.00%
Semeando 157 163 +6 3.82%
senado 2 2 0 0.00%
Sergipe 11 14 +3 27.27%
Sertanejo 4 4 0 0.00%
Setubal 129 156 +27 20.93%
SitesUteis 1 2 +1 100.00%
soccerCARALHO 41 40 -1 -2.44%
solteafranga 615 1395 +780 126.83%
somluso 1222 1303 +81 6.63%
SPFC 103 126 +23 22.33%
Sporting 29 30 +1 3.45%
SportingCP 2658 3483 +825 31.04%
sportrecife 27 38 +11 40.74%
standupbrasil 26 30 +4 15.38%
SubredditsPortugueses 17 20 +3 17.65%
TascaDoZe 87 191 +104 119.54%
territoriolivre 145 166 +21 14.48%
Timor 144 165 +21 14.58%
timorleste 43 57 +14 32.56%
TinderBR 690 793 +103 14.93%
tiodopave 6465 8771 +2306 35.67%
TiTiTi 44 52 +8 18.18%
tuga4tuga 28 65 +37 132.14%
TuGaOwninG 26 30 +4 15.38%
Tugasnuas 31 274 +243 783.87%
turismobrasil 72 92 +20 27.78%
ueee 214 220 +6 2.80%
uerj 3 8 +5 166.67%
ufmg 4 10 +6 150.00%
uminho 133 143 +10 7.52%
uporto 113 137 +24 21.24%
URSAL 410 416 +6 1.46%
USP 171 251 +80 46.78%
Vagas 1386 1765 +379 27.34%
valetudo 169 218 +49 28.99%
valetudointernacional 77 78 +1 1.30%
vasco 170 279 +109 64.12%
veganismobrasil 88 135 +47 53.41%
velhos_na_internet 114 122 +8 7.02%
vergonhaalheia 227 235 +8 3.52%
vergonhaalheira 555 621 +66 11.89%
Vestibular 19 27 +8 42.11%
viana 85 93 +8 9.41%
VideosLegais 1 1 0 0.00%
vinho 83 106 +23 27.71%
VocePrefere 2 2 0 0.00%
WackyZapZap 124 139 +15 12.10%
wrestlingportugal 7 7 0 0.00%
youtubebrasil 313 419 +106 33.87%
ZeroQuatroMidia 22 26 +4 18.18%
Zuera 17 19 +2 11.76%
submitted by JorgeAmVF to EmPortugues [link] [comments]

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